No part this publication may be reproduced, stored in Joss devilleneuve rendez vous Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the publisher. France - History - 18th century 3. France - History - Revolution, 4. France - Politics and government - 18th century I. Crook, Malcolm, II.
Doyle, William, III. Crook, Malcolm, III. Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite, William, IV. The 'Political Reveries' of Alexander Jardine, ? He studied under Norman Hampson as an undergraduate at York.
He has published a number of works on Paris in the early Revolution, and is currently working on histories of the Terror and of the common people in the Revolution. He is also a Fellow of the British Academy.
His most recent publication is The culture of power and the power Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite culture: He is working on a history of electoral culture in France from toHow the French learned to vote, and is currently serving
Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite editor of the journal French History.
Until he was a colleague of Norman Hampson at the University of York. They seldom meet without talking sooner or later about the French Revolution. He has written extensively on Revolutionary and Napoleonic France, particularly on provincial
Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite and on social and military questions. His latest book, Napoleon's men, Hambledon and London,analyses the Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite and motivation of those who served in the French armies.
He has published Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite number of books and on the French Revolution which explore its rural dimension.
The most recent to appear is: Liberty and locality in revolutionary France: He also writes on the subject of European cultural exchange during the second half of the eighteenth ix Enlightenment and Revolution List of Contributors century.
correspondence networks of the Scientific Enlightenment are the current focus of his research. She studied as a postgraduate under Norman Hampson. Her most recent publication Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite revolutionary France is Radicals: She has recently published a book on The politics of virtue in Enlightenment France, Palgrave,as well as articles on the political ideas of Robespierre and the origins of the French Revolution.
His publications include The second Vendee: His social history of France, He is author of many works on nineteenth- twentieth-century France, including France and women: Professor at the Sorbonne, and former President of the International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies,he is the author of several books on Voltaire and on literature, thought and society in eighteenth-century France.
She is currently working on a study of the gendered legacies of the Enlightenment in Scotland, and editing a collection of essays on eighteenth-century York. Although most of his work has been on British slavery in the Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite, he has retained his interest in the revolutionary decade of the s.
The editors would like to thank Jane Allmark for her splendid work in preparing the camera-ready copy for this volume. The Life and Opinions of Norman Hampson William Doyle No reviewer noticed, Norman Hampson once complained to me, that the title of his book on Robespierre was taken from that of Tristram Shandy; despite the additional clue on the very first page, when the story begins months before the subject is born.
But nobody thinks of historians being influenced by imaginative Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite - least of all, perhaps, historians themselves, who do most of the reviewing. We know the opinions of our fellow historians, writing about their subject, as fully as they care to expound them, but we generally know little of the lives that underpin those opinions, including what else they read. Norman Hampson waited fiftyseven years before recording some of his life outside history, having vowed in never to do any such thing.
Even then he only gave us a short though crucial slice of it.
Knowing this, we then notice how rich in literary allusions and awareness his writings are, especially after his reputation as a historian was established, and he could afford to indulge his imagination. The puzzled reaction which The life and opinions of Maximilien Robespierre continues to provoke among younger historians trained in the graduate student mills of North America shows what history can lose when imagination and literary artifice are systematically squeezed out.
Not only did Norman not plan to be a historian; he did not plan to be a French one either. It was all, he assures us, a matter of happy accident.
It was an accident that he entered the navy in rather than a year later, and an accident that, two years late, he had the opportunity to become liaison officer on a Free French sloop when the French of Manchester Grammar School had not prepared him to speak or understand the Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite. Not only did his two years on La Moqueuse introduce him to the libertarian side of France - 'generous hopes and aspirations for all of I N.
Hampson, Not really what you'd call a war, Caithness, Later he would dedicate his first in English to Thompson's memory, and follow him as a biographer of Robespierre. This, as well as his war experience and later domestic circumstances, qualified him in a whole range of ways for the responsibility of teaching French history and civilisation at Manchester from onwards.
While there, he embarked on research for a French doctoral thesis, which became his first book, La marine de l'an II. One of his best-known party pieces throughout his university career was an illustrated seminar on the 'glorious' first of Junewhen good French convoy protection thwarted gung-ho Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite aggression. The British chose to call it a victory because of the French warships they sank, but Norman knew that the real victory was the arrival intact of the French grain ships.
Joss rendez vous datingsite he was impressed Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite the organisational effort that had gone into the rapid reconstruction of the navy under the Montagnard Republic. Writing a book about it left him even more impressed. When war broke out against the naval enemy at the beginning ofthe Atlantic Fleet operating out of Brest and Rochefort was disorganised, demoralised, undergunned, undersupplied and undermanned.
In the course of that year, Rochefort was paralysed by the distractions of Vendee rebellion in its rear, mutiny at Quiberon in September threatened to leave much of the Atlantic coastline defenceless, and the Republic's entire naval effort was ruptured by the enemy takeover Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite Toulon and the ships stationed there.
Ruthless action by the
Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite of Public Safety and its agents almost turned this situation round by the spring of A crash programme of shipbuilding, requisitioning of supplies and drafting of crews produced an Atlantic Fleet which, given a year or two more training and progress at this rate, could have been stronger than its overstretched British adversary. Particularly impressive was the progress in smaller ships ancestors of La Moqueuse?
If the British attack had been beaten off,
Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite only would the convoy have got through, perhaps the entire English coast would have been open to an invasion of 'fifty thousand liberty caps'. But it was too much to hope from a French fleet still half-trained and weakened by diseases that its opponents had conquered. And when the Committee of Public Safety fell a few weeks later, Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite impetus went out of naval policy when all was still to play for.
Georges Lefebvre, who advised on the research and was thanked in the preface, would have approved of this conclusion. His contempt for the back-peddling Therrnidoreans was well known. He would also have approved of fleeting references Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite the commercial, indeed Girondin, bourgeoisie more interested in trade protection than manning the battle squadrons which alone could bring about the defeat of the modem Carthage.
This admiration would never quite disappear from Norman's later writings, but it is safe to speculate that Lefebvre would have been saddened if not astonished at how far the new docteur d'universite would move in the future from accepting other tenets of classical Jacobinism. For the moment, however, La marine de l'an II, together with a number of articles on related themes, established its author's reputation as a Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite in the field of revolutionary history.
Like most research reputations, it was largely confined to fellow specialists, and Frenchspeaking ones at that.
Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite wider reputation in the English-speaking world at outside Manchester, where it was already high enough to
Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite promotion to a senior lectureship did not come untilwhich saw the appearance of A social history of the Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite Revolution.
This was the moment when I first heard the name of Hampson. Scoring points as competitive undergraduates will, a fellow student studying the French Revolution special subject asked if I had come across a new book by Norman Hampson. Hampson, La marine de l'an II. As it was, I went straight to Blackwell's to investigate whether this was a user-friendly guide to Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite subject already daunting me by its complexity.
It was indeed; and, Reader, I bought it. I never looked back, and nor I suspect have generations of subsequent undergraduates who have kept it in print for forty years. The still anonymous Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite in Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite Times Literary Supplement predicted that it was 'likely to Joss devilleneuve rendez Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite datingsite its own for a long time as the most accurate, most thorough and most measured account of the revolutionary crisis'.
as well into three languages, it has clearly done so in an ever more crowded field. Its virtues are its clarity, fair-mindedness, and occasional hints of critical irony in describing the more high-flown language and ideas of the men of the Year II.
It was written Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite for the general reader, and it appeared in a pioneering series devoted to studies in social
Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite. It also caught a flowing tide, coming out at a moment when the critical onslaughts of Alfred Cobban were about to make the social interpretation of the Revolution one of the most bitterly contested historical issues for the best part of a generation.
Yet by later standards its claims to be a distinctively social history are limited.
To be sure, it locates the origins of the Revolution in a 'major social crisis,6 complete with a rising bourgeoisie, increasingly distressed peasantry, and an aristocratic reaction; but in this interpretation was consensual and would only be shaken to pieces by subsequent controversy. More space than previously was given to the social impact of revolutionary legislation, with an emphasis then Joss Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite rendez vous datingsite on the provinces.
A new generation's work on the nature and aspirations of the sans-culottes was for the first
Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite synthesised for an English-speaking readership.
All this provided more concrete social context than was to be found in Goodwin's French Revolution, which had held Joss devilleneuve vous datingsite field as the best account in English for the previous ten years. Nevertheless it remained, like Goodwin, primarily a narrative Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite public life.
As such, its main innovation was to take the story beyond the fall of Robespierre and right down to the end Joss devilleneuve rendez vous datingsite the Convention. Was this, as the author modestly claimed, simply to gratify the reader's curiosity about what happened next? Or was it because, as he also noted, those living through the upheavals of Thermidor would have been surprised to be told the Revolution was now all over, unaware that later generations of left-wing historians would see the fall of Robespierre as the defeat of the Revolution's most worthwhile achievements, the first 'anticipations' of later socialism?
Not that the young Hampson had been hostile to left-wing causes. An instinctive pacifist, he had nevertheless joined the navy to fight Fascism. It was important to him that the Soviet Union should survive, and he welcomed Attlee's election victory at home in Yet what he saw of the inhumanity of war, not to mention the anarchy of liberated France inleft him even more confused than he admits to have been when he joined up. While the deceptive order of Toulon without clear constituted authorities made him reflect that this was what revolutionary Paris must have been like, he noted in his diary that 'to shrink from revolutionary disorder' was a 'natural attitude of mind'.
Norman was to spend much of his middle career grappling with it. Little in A social history of the French Revolution suggested that his interests would soon move on to more theoretical planes. But the seeds had been sown when he was introduced by the librarian of the John Rylands Library in Manchester to the Crawford Collection of revolutionary pamphlets, the Recueil des pieces interessantes pour servir a l'histoire de la Revolution en France.
He recorded his assessment of its importance in the Library's in the year after his general history of the Revolution was published. The pamphlets are offered as clear evidence for the creation of 'the public opinion which formed so formidable a force in. Hampson, A social history of the French Revolution, London,p. Hampson, Not really, p.
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France - History - 18th century 3. France - Dead letter - Revolution, 4. France - Politics and control - 18th century I.
Crook, Malcolm, II. Doyle, William, III. Crook, Malcolm, III.
Episode 2. 0: 1.
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